phpMyAdmin is a free and open source administration tool for MySQL and MariaDB. It is a portable web application written in PHP and can be used in a browser. It enables you to manage your database in a more graphical way than the mysql terminal client. It has many tools that make managing databases easier.
phpMyAdmin provides many forms to manage data and structure of databases, tables and properties. It will generate the corresponding SQL queries in the background. Therefore you could already do alot without knowing any SQL.
Installation of phpMyAdmin is pretty straight forward. It can be installed using the apt package manager.
sudo apt install phpmyadmin -y
From now on, you can surf to http://localhost/phpmyadmin or using the IP address to access phpMyAdmin. There is just one thing that needs te be done when using the standard MySQL installer and settings.
phpMyAdmin enables users to manage there database from remote connections over the internet. Therefore using a default username
root and an empty password (this is the default setting for MySQL) is a pretty bad idea. Anybody could access your database and do whatever they want. They could copy all your data, or even worse, they could delete everything.
phpMyAdmin enforces users to set a password for the
root user. You can use the settings to disable this behavior, but this would again be an bad idea. To add an password to the
root user you need to access the database using the
mysql terminal client, and execute the query below. You need to change the
NEWPASSWORD with the password you want the
root user to have.
sudo mysql -u root
And then execute the following SQL queries:
UPDATE mysql.user SET plugin = 'mysql_native_password', Password = PASSWORD('NEWPASSWORD') WHERE User = 'root'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Now you should be able to login to phpMyAdmin using the user
root and the password you have set.